Defence of Human Rights

what we do

Enforced Disappearances

Enforced disappearance occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization, or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person’s fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.

Enforced disappearances in Pakistan first originated during the era of General Pervez Musharraf (1999-2008). Unfortunately, it continued in the subsequent governments. The term “missing persons” is usually used as euphemism. There are more than 6000+ cases of enforced disappearances in Pakistan to date.

Internment Centers

Arbitrarily detained citizens are languishing in  different Internment Centers which are located in the tribal areas ( Former FATA & PATA) of the KPK  province. These internment centers were formed by the military in 2011, when the disappeared were declared & sent to these internment centers under  Action in Aid to Civil Power Regulation Ordinance. There are six known internment centers ( Lucky Marwat , Kohat , Malakand , Fizzagut , Pythom , Khurram agency , Ghalanai in Momand Agency , Barah Jamrod , DRC Shakas ) 

An ordinance is passed without consultation of the Parliament & Senate. The process of passing an ordinance itself is not a democratic way of  implementing a law in the state. The ordinance can be formed by just the approval of the President of the State. The Actions (in Aid of Civil Power) Regulations were extensively used as a legal cover for arbitrary detention and enforced disappearances.

The Ordinance is incompatible with “fundamental rights” guaranteed by the Constitution of Pakistan, as well as Pakistan’s international legal obligations, including under the International Convention  on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Article 9(4) of the ICCPR, for example, guarantees the right of all detainees to take proceedings before a court to challenge the lawfulness of their detention, and to be released if the court finds such detention unlawful.


prisoner rights

In Pakistan, the prison rights are well-defined but ill-implemented. These include; (i) a person not being detained in custody without being informed of the grounds of the arrest, (ii) they shall be given the right to consult and be defended by a legal practitioner of their choice, (iii) the dignity of man, and privacy of home shall be inviolable, (iv) torture cannot be used for the purpose of extracting information and (v) lastly, if arrested, a person shall be produced before a magistrate within a period of twenty-four hours of the arrest.

Defence of Human Rights aims to fight for the implementation of the rights and provides assistance and relief to the families of the prisoners. 


Pakistan has not ratified the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Punishment or Treatment (CAT) but has only signed it. Neither has it signed the optional protocol. Convention is not made part of the domestic law.

There is not a specific law in Pakistan against the ‘act of torture’, and it is not particullary a crime in the country. However, many jurists and academics maintain the opinion that that provisions in Chapter XVI of the Penal Code cover the aspect of torture.   


how we address

campaign & action

Defence Of Human Rights campaigns and takes action in regard to the cases of enforced disappearances, and other human rights issues. The campaign & action involves protests, road shows, press conferences, rallies, awareness camps & seminars.

advocacy & lobbying

Defence of Human Rights lobbies & advocates towards policy recommendations to parliamentarians, politicians, civil society organizations, human rights organizations regarding the issue of enforced disappearances & other human rights issues.

legal support

Defence of Human Rights provides legal support to the victims of enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, prisoners & torture victims. In the form of filing cases in Supreme Court, Habeas Corpus petitions in High Courts & Human Rights cell of Supreme Court and in commission of inquiry on enforced disappearances.

Psycho- social support

Defence of Human Rights provides Psycho-social services to the victims of enforced disappearances, torture & prisoners. Mostly, the victims started to suffer from mental illnesses and other physical ailments after the disappearance of their loved ones. We provide the victims with therapy and  medical treatment if needed. 

Documentation & Research

Defence of Human Rights documents each and every case that is submitted to them through an online process or in person after interviewing with their families in detail. 

We have so far done research on various topics related to enforced disappearances. The gender perspective on enforced disappearances, psycho-social minimum standards of the victim families etc.