Defence of Human Rights

stories

Profiles of enforced disappeared

محمد مقصود کیانی

محمد مقصود کیانی ولد محمد رفیق کیانی جس کی عمر32سال ہے جوک ٹیکسی ڈرئیورہے ۔اس کا تعلق تحصیل وضلع باغ ڈھلی سے ہے۔ یہ واقع مورخہ ۲۱ ستمبر ۷۱۰۲ کو واپس آیا۔ مقصود مظفرآباد کیسی مقدمے کی پیشی کے سلسلے میں اپنے والد اور چند ساتھیوں کے ہمراہ گیا ۔ پیشی گزرنے کے بعد اپنے دو بھانجوں اور بہنوئی کے ساتھ واپس آرہا تھا کہ ضلع باغ ڈھلی کے مقام پرمورخہ ۲۲ ستمبر ۷۱۰۲ ءاچانک چند پولیس اہلکاروں نے تلاشی کی غرض سے روکا ۔ جیسے ہی گاڑی سے اُترے منہ پر کپڑا باندھ کر بغیر نمبر پلیٹ والی سفید رنگ کی ڈبل کیبن گاڑی میں زبردستی بٹھایا اور اپنے ساتھ لے گئے ۔ شام سات بجے کے قریب مقصود کے اپنے نمبر سے کال آئی اور ۰۵ہزار کی ڈیمانڈ کی اور پیسے لس ڈھنہ مقام پر لانے کو کہا۔ مقصود کے بڑے بھائی اپنے ساتھ پیسے لے کر انکی بتائی ہوی جگہ پر پہنچے وہاں انہوں نے مقصود کے بڑے بھائی کو بھی اغوا کرنے کی کوشش کی ۔ ان کے درمیان ہتھا پائی ہونے کی وجہ سے مقصود کے بڑے بھائی کھائی میں گر جانے کی وجہ سے بچ نکلے اور زخمی حالت میں گھر پہنچے۔ مقصود کو اغوا ہوے ایک سال سے زائد عرصہ ہو چکا ہے۔ مقصود کی بوڑھی ماں بہنیں اور اسکے بیوی اور بچہ آج بھی اس کے منتظر ہیں







معاز احمد خان اور طلحہٰ احمد خان

طلحہ احمد مورخہ 6 اپریل 2014 برروز اتوارحسب معمول صبح 7 بجے گھر سے اپنی ڈیوٹی براستہ کراسنگ اٹک پیڑول پمپ مین روڈ کورنگی واقع نزد گودام چورنگی روانہ ہوا۔ تقریبا ایک گھنٹے بعد طلحہ احمد نے اپنے بڑے بھائی کو بزریعہ کال اطلاع دی کہ سفید ہائی روف میں بیٹھےچند لوگوں نے مجھے پکڑنے کی کوشش کی مگرمیں موٹر سائیکل تیز چلا کر نکل گیا تاہم وہ مجھے پکڑ نہ سکے طلحہ جب آفس پہنچا تقریباََ 3 سے 4 بجے کے قریب فون کیا اور سارہ واقعہ بتایا اور ساتھ بتایا کہ وہ سفید ہائی روف اس کے آفس کہ باہر کھڑی ہے اور مجھے ڈرلگ رہا ہے آپ معاز کو بھیجے میں اُن کہ ساتھ آجاؤں گا معاز اپنے بھائی کو لینے کہ لیے آفس پہنچا لیکن کافی دیر تک دونوں بھائی گھر نہیں پہنچےماں نے پریشان ہو کر یہ سارہ واقعہ اپنے ماموں ملک سلیمان کو بتایا تووہ بھی سیکورٹی آفس پہنچے اور گھر پر اطلاع دی کہ معاذ کی موٹرسائیکل 125 ہارز آفس کے باہر کھڑی ہے اور ہائی روف کے ساتھ ایک ڈبل کیبن کی سفید گاڑی جسکے شیشے کالے رنگ کے ہیں وہ بھی آفس کہ باہر موجود ہے اور اسکے قریب چند مسلح اشخاص پاس کھڑے ہیں اسی دوران طلحہ نے ڈرتے ہوئےدوبارہ اپنی ماں کو کال کی کہ آپ مجھے لینے آئیں۔ طلحہ کی ماں ڈر کر فوراََ اُسے لینے چلی گئی اسی بدحواسی کے عالم میں وہ طلحہ کو اپنے والد کے پاس لاہور بیجھنا چاہتی تھی تاہم فوراََ وہ طلحہ کو ائیر پورٹ لے گئی اور وہاں پہنچتے ہی ائیر پورٹ سیکورٹی فورس کے سب انسپکٹر نے طلحہ کو انکوائری روم میں لے گیا اور کچھ دیر گزرنے کے بعد ایک ڈبل کیبن کی گاڑی میں چند سادہ کپڑوں میں ملبوس طلحہ کو اپنے ہمراہ جو آج تک لاپتہ ہے اور اسی کشمکش کے عالم میں جو کہ معاذ مکمل اپنی والدہ سے فون پر رابطہ میں تھا کہ اس کا بھی موبائل مکمل بند ہو گیا اور تا حال لاپتہ ہیں اور ان کی ماں اپنے دو جوان بیٹوں کے انتظار میں ہے کہ ایک دن وہ ضرور واپس آئیں گے۔

stories of families struggle

 

Emblematic case of Masood Janjua

 


Masood Ahmed Janjua with his wife Amina Masood before disappearance in 2004 Rowing in lower katchura lake in Shangrilla resort Skardu Pakistan.

Masood Ahmed Janjua

Background

Masood Ahmed Janjua, a Pakistani citizen, was born on 25th of Sep 1961 in Rawalpindi. He was the founder of CIT (College of Information Technology) at Rawalpindi. He was also running a traveling agency named Vital World Travels situated at Islamabad. Moreover, He remained engaged in social activities. He spent his precious time in Hamza Foundation, a charity Hospital in Islamabad as Secretary General.

Family

Masood’s father Lt Col Raja Ali Muhammad served in the Pakistan Army for 25 years. His father expired in fragile health at 94 years old on 22 August 2016, mother Sitara remained bedridden for 4 years and had no hope to live eventually could not bear the grief and expired on 21st Jan 2013. Wife (Amina) and three young children have grown up into young individuals (Muhammad, Ali and Aishah) have been in extremely tortured and desperate condition since last 15 years.

What Happened:

On 30th of July 2005 Masood Ahmed Janjua and his friend Fasial Faraz left Rawalpindi to Peshawar but they did not reach Peshawar. In absence of any contact by him, Masood’s family got worried about him because they did not know what happened to him. After a couple of weeks of his disappearance Masood’s wife came to know that her husband was under illegal custody of Pakistani security agencies. She had a press briefing regarding her husband’s enforced disappearance, she said that she did not know why her husband was picked up and where he was kept detained.

Legal Proceedings

Missing report of Masood Ahmed Janjua was lodged in Westridge Police Station Rawalpindi on 7th of September 2005. The Chief Justice of Pakistan took suo-moto notice of Masood’s illegal abduction in December 2005. The judicial process suffered due to the Emergency rule imposed by ex President Musharraf, justice remained denied for 2 years to the whole Nation. FIR (first information report) for Masood Janjua’s disappearance was registered on the order of the Supreme Court on 21st January 2010, after his case HRC No. 965/2005 resumed hearing on 10th of January 2010 in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Special hearings were being conducted during June/ July 2011 for Masood and Faisal in the judge’s Chamber in order to solve the matter at all costs. However in 2012 the Supreme Court appeared least interested as only one hearing on February 8th was given to the High profile cases of Disappearances. On March 18th 2013 after repeated request of Amina Masood Janjua Supreme Court started hearing the case of Masood Janjua and other cases of Disappearance in bench no 04 under Justice Jawwad S.Khawaja.

Important Evidence Found regarding Masood’s abduction

On 20th August 2007 evidence was produced by Deputy Attorney General obtained from the lawyer of Dr Imran Munir (Ex Detainee). It was a handwritten account of an enforced disappeared person, written by Dr Imran, a young doctor settled in Malaysia, for the benefit of his legal counsel. It was revealed that he was near to death in detention when he was advised by the guards of Solitary Confinement in Rawalpindi that he would die like that, it would be better for him to exchange views with inmates opposite to his cell and understand that to save his life he will have to give the statement they are asking for, or else they will kill him or hand him over to USA but they will never release him. The person opposite Dr Imran’s cell was, as he writes himself “a businessman Masood Janjua of Rawalpindi”. He was called, by the Supreme Court, to give a statement regarding Masood Ahmed Janjua but his lawyers complained about his tortures and failing health, therefore he was sent to the PIMS hospital under Islamabad police custody. After every fifteen days there used to be a hearing but he was never asked to give a statement. On the hearing of 1st November 2007 Dr Imran submitted that my statement is ready, however the Chief Justice of Pakistan remarked if the detained persons are not released by 13th of November 2007, statement of Dr Imran will be recorded on the 13th of November 2007. The court declared it as  the last chance given to the Government and its agencies, responsibility will be fixed and the court will be forced to proceed by Law. Unfortunately the emergency was imposed on 3rd of November 2007 by Ex President Pervez Musharraf sabotaging the Judiciary and then no hearing had been allotted for Masood Janjua’s case for many years in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

More Evidences Regarding Masood’s illegal abduction

An Ex detainee Nazir Khalis belonging to Peshawar was finally released after four years. Nazir confirmed seeing Masood Ahmed Janjua while being in secret detention himself. The location was again Rawalpindi. The time of their meeting is also almost same that is January 2007 which was confirmed by Dr. Imran Munir. This evidence further confirms the presence of Masood Janjua with the secret agencies based in Rawalpindi in January 2007.

More on Masood’s case:

Masood Ahmed Janjua is still missing and his family did not hear even his voice for 15 years. In May/June 2011 an authentic source from the Military confirmed to Amina Masood Janjua through her trustworthy acquaintance that Masood was kept in Rawalpindi in a detention Cell. Then in December 2012 another released person gave his account to Amina Masood Janjua relating that one whole year Masood Janjua was detained in Hamza Camp, a military establishment on Murree Road Rawalpindi. The Supreme Court, on 3rd July 2013 took strict notice of the irresponsible attitude of the investigating authorities and the role of the so called Commission of inquiry of enforced disappearance. This Commission has started believing a false statement that Masood and his friend were murdered in 2006. On grounds of that statement it did not hear Masood’s case since January 2012. The Investigating Officers was told by Justice Jawwad S.Khawaja to investigate boldly without any fear and take all the Military personnel under investigation in this case.

In the Supreme court proceedings of 23rd Sep 2013. Amina Masood Janjua pleaded to the honorable bench to include 5 more names who were at the helm of affairs and who should submit their affidavits regarding the disappearance of Masood Janjua and Faisal Faraz since 30th July 2005.

 The name list includes:

  1.   Former President of Pakistan. Pervez Musharraf.
  2.   Former Sect Interior Kamal Shah.
  3. Former Sect Defence Syed Ather Ali Abbas.
  4.   Former DG. NCMC Brig. Javaid Iqbal Cheema.
  5.   Former DG. NCMC Brig. Javaid Iqbal Lodhi.

The old list which was already submitted included the following names:

  1.   Lt. Gen. (Retd) Nusrat Naeem.
  2.   Maj. Gen. (Retd) Shafqaat Ahmad.
  3.   Lt. Gen ( Retd) Nadeem Taj.
  4.   Brig. Mansoor Saeed Shaikh
  5.   Col. Habibullah
  6.   Col. Jehangir Akhter (Retd)
  7.   Former Attorney General Malik Abdul Qayyum.

Honorable Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja leading the 2 member bench ordered these 12 persons to submit Affidavits within 15 days through Ministry of Defence. After the submission of these documents their cross examination forum will be decided. The honorable bench concluded that indeed it’s a great torture on the family to face this dilemma for such a long time. Considering the pain and suffering of the families and the enforced disappeared; Masood Janjua and Faisal Faraz, the Supreme Court intends to trace out the abductees and conclude the case at the earliest in the interest of justice.

Last Update of 2013

The last hearing was on 10th Oct 2013 in which only one affidavit was submitted to the Supreme Court by Gen. Retd Pervez Musharraf. Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was heading the three member bench and passed an order to secure all the affidavits within 10 days.

Proceedings in 2014

Since long the case of Masood Janjua was being heard in Bench No.3 under the leadership of Justice Jawwad S.Khawaja. It was slowly and gradually moving towards the right direction up till 13th March 2014.

Earlier in 2014 Dr Imran Munir, who is now living under UNO asylum at an unknown place, contacted the Supreme Court of Pakistan via email and offered to get his statement recorded once again only if he is allowed to give a statement directly to the Supreme Court via video link. The bench headed by Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja consented and fixed next hearing on 31st March 2014 to get the statement recorded.

However Amina was alarmed when the composition of the bench was changed in the eleventh hour for the hearing of 31st March 2014. Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja, Justice Iqbal Hameed-ur-Rehman and Justice Musheer Alam were replaced by Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali, Justice Saqib Nisar and Justice Dost Muhammad Khan.

The replaced judges just would not hear a word about the to-be-recorded statement of the star witness of the case i.e, Dr Imran Munir. Amina was shocked to the point of bewilderment when during the proceedings Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali addressed her and said, “How far do we go for you? We have already done enough. Now there is a danger of confrontation of the (state) institutions because of your case.”

Amina says that it was shocking to hear such comments from a Judge of the same judiciary which was reinstated by two and half year long struggle and sacrifices of the whole Pakistani nation. These remarks arose a lot of questions and serious concerns. Is the court so much under pressure from secret establishments that they are unable to deliver JUSTICE . . . ? Can justice be selective? Should there be anything superior than justice to a judge?

 This new bench had no insight into the 9 years old case. It looked as if a stage was set and everything was done deliberately. It was already in the knowledge of the Supreme Court through an email sent by Dr. Imran Munir to Additional Attorney General Mirza Razzaq stating that he (Dr Imran Munir) will only give a direct statement to the Supreme Court of Pakistan and not to any other government official. Even then the Superintendent of Police Haroon Joya went to Sri Lanka pretending to show efficiency but in reality enjoying a leisure trip. In fact his act was extremely irresponsible, wasting away the hard earned tax money of the people of Pakistan.

The actual response of UNHCR regarding Dr Imran Munir’s availability for the statement was hidden from the court. Instead what was communicated to the Court by the Additional Attorney General was visibly incorrect and misleading and had no logical relation to the earlier email of Dr Imran Munir but the Court closed its eyes and paid no heed to the reality. It seemed that the same negative elements in the security agencies which once sabotaged the whole judiciary, were actively taking control of the Supreme Court again. The Court simply ignored the decision of the previous bench for video link statement. It looked pre planned as the equipment for the recording of the video link statement was not installed which should have been there according to the decision and remarks of previous hearing. The judge insisted that if any more witness statement or cross examination is to take place regarding Masood’s case, it should be conducted in the Commission of Inquiry formed by the Government of Pakistan, a forum which is simply there to prolong the cases and protect the perpetrators of enforced disappearance.

Under these bleak circumstances a Supreme Court order has come to make a larger bench for the cases of the Disappeared in the last week of June 2014. Amina is waiting for response from her supporters from all over the world who believe in justice, rule of law and human rights. Determined to continue her struggle for release of her husband and all the disappeared come what may she says, “it would be an honour to die for my cause, I will never rest unless I will find my husband!”

 Hearings in 2015 

 So far no hearing since 24th June 2014, in spite of repeated reminders.When Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja took oath as Chief Justice on 17th of August 2015, 3 applications were sent to him to restart the case however till the last day of his short tenure i e 9th September 2015 it was not taken by the honorable court. Application of early hearing has also been sent to the current chief justice of Pakistan , Mr Anwer Zaheer Jamali, but to no avail.

Hearing in 2016

Eventually a larger bench was formed on 7th April and decided to take up the matter of Masood janjua . It was ordered to file fresh updates in his case after a lapse of two years. The next date of hearing in the Supreme court was on 15th of June 2016, at this point the larger bench decided to hear the case of Masood Janjua and all others upon fortnightly basis.

Hearing in 2017

The case appeared on the cause list on 6th June 2017 but was left over due to too many cases in one day. Thrice the request for early hearing was sent by post however to date no hearing has been given in spite of repeated requests. 

Hearings in 2018

There are 3 hearings this year so far first was on 2nd of May 2018 , then on 26th September and third on 16th October, 2018. The superior judiciary failed to put pressure on authorities regarding tracing the whereabouts of Masood Janjua. In Spite of the categorical 10 pages long statement of star witness Dr Imran Munir of seeing Masood in an illegal detention center. 

 The Struggle For Masood Janjua will Continue

Amina Masood Janjua, Masood’s loving wife waged a struggle to find her husband’s whereabouts and also to seek justice for thousands of Disappeared citizens of Pakistan, since 2005 under the banner of Defense of Human Rights. She is determined to continue her dignified, peaceful quest for her husband come what may .She says: “It will be an honor to die for this sacred cause- I can die but not give up hope or struggle to find Masood-my love and life!!!”

 

 

Uzma Shehzadi
The paranoia and unrest caused by Covid-19 has deeply impacted the families of the disappeared whose cases are all held due to no proceedings in the courts and they are silently suffering stuck in a state of limbo. This story is just one example out of 2760 cases registered with the Defence of Human Rights (DHR), Pakistan. 

Uzma Shezadi, a 54-year-old mother of a disappeared, was taking psychosocial counselling sessions so as to feel better and get prepared to take the agonies of her life head on. Ten years back, she had a comfortable and happy life in a middle class household of Karachi Korangi Town with her husband and two teenage sons. Her husband was mostly unwell but she was a working woman and was happy to assist the family financially. 

Uzma “Shehzadi” means an “honorable Princess” in English and her parents would have wished for a princess-like life for their daughter. Uzma was beautiful, lively and eager to get an education but she was married off at a young age to Shafeeq Ahmed, without completing her education. Today she has drifted away from her happy family life to an isolated life that she survives through psychological sessions to help with her pain and grief. Here is the story of how grief became Uzma’s life partner. 

One ill-fated day her husband decided to separate from her and move to Lahore, another city of Pakistan. She bore this shock bravely and came to terms with the harsh reality in which she was raising  her two teenage sons as a single mother. Talha and Maaz were happy naughty kids who kept her occupied and happy – far from any kind of depression or regrets. The boys were growing up fast and getting an education, and soon became young men who were eager to help their mother and take up the household burden. 

Talha, after doing intermediate education, started working in a security company as a security guard at the young age of 22 years. Maaz at 24 however, was doing a diploma in Automobiles while looking for a job. In the afternoon of 6th April 2014, Talha called Maaz sounding frightened and saying that a double cabin high roof van was following him and had tried to capture him. He was afraid of returning to his home alone so he asked for the elder brother to come and pick him up. Before Maaz could reach the security company’s office, the same white van with black glasses and armed security personnel inside had abducted Maaz.

Talha, now called his mother, who rushed to the security company’s office and found Talha in a terrified condition. Uzma was totally shattered and shocked after Maaz mysteriously disappeared. Desperately in an attempt to save Talha, she took him to the airport and bought a ticket for Lahore, so that she could send Talha away to his father and save him. At the airport only half an hour short of boarding, an ASF guard at the airport took Talha in the control room for some query and after one hour and a half he took Talha away in a double cabin high roof van without any explanation to his mother. 

Uzma’s ran pillar to post getting the cases of her disappeared sons registered in the police station, requesting and writing letters to all the higher authorities for tracing her sons, got the cases filed in the Sindh High court Karachi as well as in the Commission of Inquiry but to no avail. Uzma’s struggle continued for six years without a break, during which she became affiliated with DHR. 

Uzma along with her aged father, the only male member left in her family, was involved in the monthly activities of Defence of Human Rights. She actively participated in protests, consultation meetings, conferences and press briefings. Uzma mentioned that while participating in the protests she felt some sense of empowerment, that she is not alone in this, and that she is standing with other mothers, wives suffering from the same grief. 

The case of Uzma’s two sons was progressing well in the Sindh High Court as the judges ordered the authorities to find the disappeared brothers at once. The judges said that the two brothers cannot disappear from the face of the earth just like that. These strong remarks gave hope and courage to Uzma’s long struggle. She could see justice being served to her.  The advent of 2020 was on one hand giving her hopes and on another despair, Uzma hoped to be reunited with her sons as the case in the High Court moved aggressively upon monthly basis. The hearings in the commission and Joint Action Forum as well as in the office of the Provincial task force, kept her busy and she became more and more hopeful.  

Suddenly the world was struck by the pandemic Covid -19, and it affected Pakistan in February, but quickly cases started growing creating panic and fear across Pakistan. Uzma too was horrified and just couldn’t settle down with the fact that all the hearings and efforts for the release and tracing of her sons went into limbo.

During the first few weeks of the lockdown due to the pandemic, Uzma kept calling the members of Defence of Human Rights in search of answers. She kept asking us about the reopening date of her cases. The fact that her case was going so strong made her even more devastated due to the impact of Covid-19. She called, visited and shouted in the offices of the Commission and the lawyer to get her sons back but they were helpless in the pandemic. The Commission of Inquiry was shut down for an indefinite period, without informing the families of the victims. Every effort had come to a standstill, every step frozen. There were lockdowns for months and months, starting from March to June 2020. Finally the lockdown eased, but the emergency of COVID-19 became a greater threat. 

Uzma collapsed and went into severe depression. She had no hope left, no diversion, not much work to keep her occupied. All she could think of was the abduction of her sons and all that followed.  It was like a dark night which is never going to end, a long tunnel which has no light at the far end. It was living in extreme sunlight and scorching heat without a slightest shade or relaxation. Anyone in Uzma’s shoes would have collapsed and given up hope, she was no exception in such painful and devastating circumstances. 

One fine morning Uzma received a call from the DHR office telling her the possibility of psychosocial counselling online, and via whatsapp call in order to help her out of the post-traumatic stress she was sinking in. As Uzma was the one seeking help in the dark times of Covid-19,  she agreed and the sessions started during the lockdown. The doctor was a trained and kind psychologist who let Uzma speak and tell each and every detail of her suffering, pain , fear and anger at the lost hope for the disappeared sons. She told the doctor how she felt to kill herself and end the pain and agony. Gradually after months and hours of intense sessions Uzma’s hope and interest in life resurfaced. She found her real self back, one that was resilient and courageous and brave enough to take every possible measure for the tracing of her sons. 

Uzma finds her hope back once again and she is out in the field with a super will and iconic power of her courage, determined to find her sons. One day sooner or later justice will be served to Uzma Shehzadi- the honorable Princess.  

  





success stories

Muhammad Osaid S/o Abdul Rasheed Khan

(26th Feb 2018 Disappeared and released on 5th July 2019)

Muhammad Osaid was picked up from Lahore on 26th Feb, 2018. His case was reported to DHR by his wife along with his parents. The family of Osaid participated in all the campaign advocacy related activities of DHR during the time of his disappearance. The two young children of Osaid also participated in all the activities in search of their disappeared father. On 5th July 2019 Osaid was safely returned to his family with the help of campaign and advocacy of the DHR team.

Kaleem Ur Rehman S/o Fazal Ur Rehman

( Disappeared on 22nd Nov,2009 and released on 26th September 2019)

Sajid Hussain S/o Muhammad Mustafa

( Disappeared on 22nd Nov 2011 and released on 13th July 2019)

Abdul Qadeer Khan S/o Abdul Hameed Khan

( Disappeared on 1st January 2018 and released on 13th September 2019)

Muhammad Azan S/o Iftikhar Ahmad

( Disappeared on 4th March 2019 and released on 1st September 2019)

Majid Hussain S/o Muhammad Mustafa

(Disappeared on 22nd Nov 2011 and released on 13th July2019)